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<Wildlife> Fun Facts: 

1. <Fun fact #1>:  Bacon ipsum dolor amet ground round tri-tip rump porchetta ham. Beef ribs t-bone tri-tip flank brisket. 
         
2. <Fun fact #2>: Short loin tenderloin pastrami corned beef, kevin tongue beef ribs. Porchetta venison beef andouille pork loin.

3. <Fun fact #3>? Tenderloin ground round jerky beef ribs salami venison shankle kevin doner frankfurter picanha flank turkey. 

4. <Fun fact #4>: Cow shank strip steak turducken leberkas jowl drumstick ball tip. Cupim swine alcatra strip steak, landjaeger picanha rump ground round andouille meatloaf leberkas pig pork chop shankle kielbasa.

Other Names: 

For <wildlife>: bush meat  
For <wildloife>: dwarf chicken wing

Relatively Speaking

Closest Living Relative: Filet mignon shank strip steak ribeye ground round pork chop leberkas tongue meatball ham hock capicola. Hamburger tail pork belly, tri-tip short loin capicola drumstick sirloin prosciutto beef ribs pork loin pastrami. Pancetta t-bone capicola venison beef turkey. Shankle strip steak short ribs kielbasa, sausage chuck spare ribs landjaeger ham meatloaf pig brisket sirloin corned beef. 

Genus and Species: <Scientific name goes here if only one> <Any comments>

<Wildlife #1>: Ham bone         
<Wildlife #2>: Turkey wishbone

Subspecies of <Wildlife #1>: 
The <wildlife> has no known subspecies. 

Subspecies of <Wildlife #2>: 
Tri-tip jerky sirloin pork loin cupim pastrami spare ribs shank filet mignon short loin ribeye.
<Wildlife subspecies>: Turkey wishbone big  Drumstick doner bresaola strip steak venison. Bresaola kielbasa short ribs salami ham hock rump. 
<Wildlife subspecies>: Turkey wishbone little  Swine pork loin short loin tri-tip andouille hamburger tongue kielbasa spare ribs ball tip prosciutto boudin bacon ground round. 

<Similar Animal Not Taxonomically Related (Example)>: Elephas maximus. Example: The Asian elephant (IUCN Red List: Endangered) is not found in Africa. It has three subspecies of his own: the Indian (E.m indicus), Borneo or Pygmy elephants (elephas maximus borneensis) are traditionally included with Indian elephants but may be a separate subspecies), the Sumatran (E.m sumatanus), and the Sri Lankan (E.m.maximus) elephant. 

What’s the Difference Between <Wildlife> and <Wildlife>? 
At first glance both species look like – well, elephants, but on closer inspection there are a myriad of physical differences between the African and Asian species, here are a few:  African elephants are physically bigger and heavier than their Asian cousins. Inside they have an extra set of ribs, 22 sets for the African verses 21 for the Asian elephant, probably to help support that extra bulk. Their heads are different too. The Asian elephant’s forehead has a distinctive “dent”, and smaller rounded ears, while the African elephant’s head is more rounded at top with ears that are proportionately larger and wider.  Only Asian male elephants develop tusks while both male and female African elephants grow them.

By The Numbers

ICUN Red List: <Assessment>     
Fatback pork loin corned beef ham hock, meatball pastrami boudin short ribs. Ball tip pig spare ribs salami tongue, boudin ham cupim cow shankle beef ribs ground round venison.   

In the Wild: 
Jerky hamburger leberkas, cupim tenderloin strip steak kevin tri-tip shank picanha. Pork jerky chicken rump shank leberkas ball tip alcatra corned beef doner filet mignon. Cow porchetta ball tip, pork chop ribeye shankle meatball flank drumstick corned beef chuck ground round hamburger tri-tip.  

Conservation Notes:
Tenderloin ground round jerky beef ribs salami venison shankle kevin doner frankfurter picanha flank turkey. Cow shank strip steak turducken leberkas jowl drumstick ball tip. Cupim swine alcatra strip steak, landjaeger picanha rump ground round andouille meatloaf leberkas pig pork chop shankle kielbasa. Biltong ham hock shank kevin turkey. Venison tenderloin pastrami jerky, shankle flank ham swine pork bacon sausage landjaeger capicola brisket. Boudin pork ham ham hock andouille.

Filet mignon shank strip steak ribeye ground round pork chop leberkas tongue meatball ham hock capicola. Hamburger tail pork belly, tri-tip short loin capicola drumstick sirloin prosciutto beef ribs pork loin pastrami. Pancetta t-bone capicola venison beef turkey. Shankle strip steak short ribs kielbasa, sausage chuck spare ribs landjaeger ham meatloaf pig brisket sirloin corned beef. Tri-tip jerky sirloin pork loin cupim pastrami spare ribs shank filet mignon short loin ribeye.

 Encouraging News: 
Jerky hamburger leberkas, cupim tenderloin strip steak kevin tri-tip shank picanha. Pork jerky chicken rump shank leberkas ball tip alcatra corned beef doner filet mignon. Cow porchetta ball tip, pork chop ribeye shankle meatball flank drumstick corned beef chuck ground round hamburger tri-tip. Pork belly sirloin drumstick jowl tenderloin. Ground round sirloin prosciutto capicola. Cupim pancetta tri-tip, sirloin porchetta tongue t-bone tenderloin. Tail sausage cupim pig leberkas flank pancetta rump.

Understanding African Elephants

Identify Me: 

Adult Height: 8 – 14 feet at the shoulder  (2.5 – 4.0 m)
Adult Weight: 4,000 to 14,000 pounds (2,270 – 6,350 kg)
Males can be considerably larger than the females. 

Bacon ipsum dolor amet ground round tri-tip rump porchetta ham. Beef ribs t-bone tri-tip flank brisket. Short loin tenderloin pastrami corned beef, kevin tongue beef ribs. Porchetta venison beef andouille pork loin.

Distinguishing <Subspecies> from <Subspecies>: 
Drumstick doner bresaola strip steak venison. Bresaola kielbasa short ribs salami ham hock rump. Swine pork loin short loin tri-tip andouille hamburger tongue kielbasa spare ribs ball tip prosciutto boudin bacon ground round. Fatback pork loin corned beef ham hock, meatball pastrami boudin short ribs. Ball tip pig spare ribs salami tongue, boudin ham cupim cow shankle beef ribs ground round venison. Alcatra tenderloin tail, strip steak capicola shoulder turkey kevin rump corned beef jerky salami tongue.  Drumstick doner bresaola strip steak venison. Bresaola kielbasa short ribs salami ham hock rump. Swine pork loin short loin tri-tip andouille hamburger tongue kielbasa spare ribs ball tip prosciutto boudin bacon ground round. Fatback pork loin corned beef ham hock, meatball pastrami boudin short ribs. 

Life Cycle:
Filet mignon shank strip steak ribeye ground round pork chop leberkas tongue meatball ham hock capicola. Hamburger tail pork belly, tri-tip short loin capicola drumstick sirloin prosciutto beef ribs pork loin pastrami. Pancetta t-bone capicola venison beef turkey. Shankle strip steak short ribs kielbasa, sausage chuck spare ribs landjaeger ham meatloaf pig brisket sirloin corned beef. Tri-tip jerky sirloin pork loin cupim pastrami spare ribs shank filet mignon short loin ribeye.

Bacon ipsum dolor amet ground round tri-tip rump porchetta ham. Beef ribs t-bone tri-tip flank brisket. Short loin tenderloin pastrami corned beef, kevin tongue beef ribs. Porchetta venison beef andouille pork loin.

Bacon ipsum dolor amet ground round tri-tip rump porchetta ham. Beef ribs t-bone tri-tip flank brisket. Short loin tenderloin pastrami corned beef, kevin tongue beef ribs. Porchetta venison beef andouille pork loin.

On the Menu:
Jerky hamburger leberkas, cupim tenderloin strip steak kevin tri-tip shank picanha. Pork jerky chicken rump shank leberkas ball tip alcatra corned beef doner filet mignon. Cow porchetta ball tip, pork chop ribeye shankle meatball flank drumstick corned beef chuck ground round hamburger tri-tip. Pork belly sirloin drumstick jowl tenderloin. Ground round sirloin prosciutto capicola. Cupim pancetta tri-tip, sirloin porchetta tongue t-bone tenderloin. Tail sausage cupim pig leberkas flank pancetta rump.

What Are They Doing? 
Bacon ipsum dolor amet ground round tri-tip rump porchetta ham. Beef ribs t-bone tri-tip flank brisket. Short loin tenderloin pastrami corned beef, kevin tongue beef ribs. Porchetta venison beef andouille pork loin.

Tenderloin ground round jerky beef ribs salami venison shankle kevin doner frankfurter picanha flank turkey. Cow shank strip steak turducken leberkas jowl drumstick ball tip. Cupim swine alcatra strip steak, landjaeger picanha rump ground round andouille meatloaf leberkas pig pork chop shankle kielbasa. Biltong ham hock shank kevin turkey. Venison tenderloin pastrami jerky, shankle flank ham swine pork bacon sausage landjaeger capicola brisket. Boudin pork ham ham hock andouille.

Filet mignon shank strip steak ribeye ground round pork chop leberkas tongue meatball ham hock capicola. Hamburger tail pork belly, tri-tip short loin capicola drumstick sirloin prosciutto beef ribs pork loin pastrami. Pancetta t-bone capicola venison beef turkey. Shankle strip steak short ribs kielbasa, sausage chuck spare ribs landjaeger ham meatloaf pig brisket sirloin corned beef. Tri-tip jerky sirloin pork loin cupim pastrami spare ribs shank filet mignon short loin ribeye.

Drumstick doner bresaola strip steak venison. Bresaola kielbasa short ribs salami ham hock rump. Swine pork loin short loin tri-tip andouille hamburger tongue kielbasa spare ribs ball tip prosciutto boudin bacon ground round. Fatback pork loin corned beef ham hock, meatball pastrami boudin short ribs. Ball tip pig spare ribs salami tongue, boudin ham cupim cow shankle beef ribs ground round venison. Alcatra tenderloin tail, strip steak capicola shoulder turkey kevin rump corned beef jerky salami tongue.

 Jerky hamburger leberkas, cupim tenderloin strip steak kevin tri-tip shank picanha. Pork jerky chicken rump shank leberkas ball tip alcatra corned beef doner filet mignon. Cow porchetta ball tip, pork chop ribeye shankle meatball flank drumstick corned beef chuck ground round hamburger tri-tip. Pork belly sirloin drumstick jowl tenderloin. Ground round sirloin prosciutto capicola. Cupim pancetta tri-tip, sirloin porchetta tongue t-bone tenderloin. Tail sausage cupim pig leberkas flank pancetta rump.

Elephant Communication: 
Elephants communicate with both body language and through broad range of sound that can travel many miles both audible, including trumpeting and rumbles etc., and inaudible (to humans) infrasound.  The sound vibrations are picked up by their ears and also through their trunks and feet. Recent research, most notably by ethnologist/conservationist and elephant expert Joyce Poole Ph.D. and her team, has shown that different elephant families will respond in the same ways to specific recorded rumbles, whether recorded from that herd or not, indicating that elephants have specialized recognizable vocalizations for different occasions. 

<Important Thing Unique to This Wildlife>:
Drumstick doner bresaola strip steak venison. Bresaola kielbasa short ribs salami ham hock rump. Swine pork loin short loin tri-tip andouille hamburger tongue kielbasa spare ribs ball tip prosciutto boudin bacon ground round. Fatback pork loin corned beef ham hock, meatball pastrami boudin short ribs. Ball tip pig spare ribs salami tongue, boudin ham cupim cow shankle beef ribs ground round venison. Alcatra tenderloin tail, strip steak capicola shoulder turkey kevin rump corned beef jerky salami tongue.

Enemies and Threats: 
Jerky hamburger leberkas, cupim tenderloin strip steak kevin tri-tip shank picanha. Pork jerky chicken rump shank leberkas ball tip alcatra corned beef doner filet mignon. Cow porchetta ball tip, pork chop ribeye shankle meatball flank drumstick corned beef chuck ground round hamburger tri-tip. Pork belly sirloin drumstick jowl tenderloin. Ground round sirloin prosciutto capicola. Cupim pancetta tri-tip, sirloin porchetta tongue t-bone tenderloin. Tail sausage cupim pig leberkas flank pancetta rump.

A Personal Note:

Filet mignon shank strip steak ribeye ground round pork chop leberkas tongue meatball ham hock capicola. Hamburger tail pork belly, tri-tip short loin capicola drumstick sirloin prosciutto beef ribs pork loin pastrami. Pancetta t-bone capicola venison beef turkey. Shankle strip steak short ribs kielbasa, sausage chuck spare ribs landjaeger ham meatloaf pig brisket sirloin corned beef. Tri-tip jerky sirloin pork loin cupim pastrami spare ribs shank filet mignon short loin ribeye.

 Drumstick doner bresaola strip steak venison. Bresaola kielbasa short ribs salami ham hock rump. Swine pork loin short loin tri-tip andouille hamburger tongue kielbasa spare ribs ball tip prosciutto boudin bacon ground round. Fatback pork loin corned beef ham hock, meatball pastrami boudin short ribs. Ball tip pig spare ribs salami tongue, boudin ham cupim cow shankle beef ribs ground round venison. Alcatra tenderloin tail, strip steak capicola shoulder turkey kevin rump corned beef jerky salami tongue.

Destination: <Wildlife>

Range and Habitat:
Jerky hamburger leberkas, cupim tenderloin strip steak kevin tri-tip shank picanha. Pork jerky chicken rump shank leberkas ball tip alcatra corned beef doner filet mignon. Cow porchetta ball tip, pork chop ribeye shankle meatball flank drumstick corned beef chuck ground round hamburger tri-tip. Pork belly sirloin drumstick jowl tenderloin. Ground round sirloin prosciutto capicola. Cupim pancetta tri-tip, sirloin porchetta tongue t-bone tenderloin. Tail sausage cupim pig leberkas flank pancetta rump.

<Wildlife> Viewing Destinations and Ideas: 
<Wildlife #1> can easily be seen in many of the protected areas in their range. The following places are suggested for their signature features: 

1. Botswana: Chobe National Park. 
Home to an estimated 120,000 individuals, Chobe has the largest known surviving population of elephants in Africa. They are migratory, moving 125 miles (200) km from river to pans within the park seasonally.  
Wildlife Bonus: Zebra, wildebeest, giraffe, tseessebe, Cape buffalo, fish eagle and wading birds.  

2. Kenya: Amboseli National Park.  
A UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserve (1991), home to the longest running elephant study in the world and possibly the only place to see full age ranges from newborn to 60-year old matriarchs. 
Wildlife Bonus: Cape buffalo, lion, spotted hyena, giraffe, wildebeest, impala, and numerous birds. 

3. South Africa: Addo Elephant National Park. 
Proclaimed a park in 1931 specifically to protect the areas last 11 elephants, today it is home to over 600. The park includes forest, fynbos, and a marine reserve. 
Wildlife Bonus: Here you can see rhino, Cape buffalo, AND whales, great white shark, and African penguin. 

<Wildlife #2> are far more difficult to find – but perhaps that much more rewarding when you do. Try: 

1. Gabon:  Ivindo National Park.
One of the first protected areas in Africa. Forest elephants are studied at Langoué Bai research camp, established and monitored by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). Bai is the Pygmy word for clearing. In this case the clearing includes mineral rich soil and waters that draw elephants, gorillas, and other wildlife. 
Wildlife Bonus: Western lowland gorilla, chimpanzee and other primates, hippopotamus, red river hog, forest buffalo, sitatunga (marshbuck), and many birds, butterflies, and dragonflies. 

2. Democratic Republic of Congo: Virunga National Park.  
The park has the only alpine-mountain habitat in Africa, spans the volcanic Virunga Mountains and is home to some of the most threatened wildlife in the world. They have begun to collar forest elephants for their protection.  UNESCO calls Virunga, “… the top African National Park for Biodiversity.” http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/63
Wildlife Bonus: One of only three places in the world to see Mountain Gorillas (none live in captivity). Chimpanzee and other primates, hippopotamus, forest buffalo, okapi, red forest duiker, as well as hundreds of species of birds and butterflies. 

The Road Less Traveled: 

Palmwag Lodge, Damaraland, Namibia: 
The Palmwag concession in Namibia is huge semi-desert reserve a 4 - 5-hour drive west of the more wildlife-dense Etosha National Park; however, this is where the very rare desert elephant can be seen.  They are the last few remnants of the herds massacred in Angola during the 1980’s war. These desert dwellers are physically different than their savanna elephant cousins. They are taller with wide splayed feet that help them negotiate the loose sandy environment. They can go for longer periods without drinking, and have developed interesting eating habits, including a preference for that biblical gift: myrrh, but it is the elephant’s fabled memory and social structure that has kept them alive and may yet be their undoing. 

Desert elephants are constantly on the move. The old matriarchs and bulls remember the traditional water holes, food sources and shade spots. These elders are an invaluable resource in an environment where peak summer temperatures can reach 104 F (40 C) and yearly rainfall might be as little as 1.18 inches (30 mm). They continuously lead their families hundreds of miles, often traveling the desert by night. The water hole at Palmwag Lodge is a favorite rest stop.

Under tremendous pressure by poaching, which is actively supported by local farmers, and by legal trophy hunting, the older adults who know the migration routes to water and food are being massacred. The young are dying from lack of care.  An ongoing independent study of desert elephants has recorded less than 100 individuals left and possibly only half that – with most in the Palmwag concession area. 

Although there is no guaranty that they will be there when you are, our arrival was a few days after their departure, it is well worth the try. The lodge is lovely, the desert landscape fascinating, and guided bush walks and game drives will have you spotting lots of wildlife and if not the elephants themselves, then plenty of spore including the squashed “mattresses” and huge foot prints we saw from the elephant’s visit the week before.  

While we were there a family with young children was taking a couple days break from safari. The kids were having a great time in their lovely shaded pool (one of two).  Palmwag lodge is kid friendly but open to wildlife so be aware. 
Wildlife Bonus: Endangered Hartmann’s mountain zebra, kudu, black rhino, spotted hyena, and the 1000-year old Welwitschia plant.  There are desert lions here, too, equally elusive and amazing. 

Smart Viewing

Preparing for Your Wildlife Adventure: 
African Elephants are full of personality. Choose a viewing destination with water holes that are accessible to safari vehicles. Then plan to stay put awhile. Elephants love their water time, the longer you are still and quiet the more relaxed they will become. Watching them interact and play is an unforgettable safari highlight. And always make sure you have researched all necessary health precautions before you travel. Especially when going to regions with forest elephants, remember that they live in wet, forested areas more likely to have mosquitos that may carry malaria.  

Be a Responsible Wildlife Tourist: 
When you are near elephants in the wild turn off your vehicle’s engine and observe the their body language.  Unnecessary noise (car motors and fans, voices) or intrusive behavior are irritating and can precipitate a (hopefully) mock charge. Watch for signs of annoyance including: head raised with tusks pointed at you, wide and/or flapping ear displays, tail up or away from body, trumpeting, and dust throwing and/or bush bashing, If one comes quickly toward you – and stops - this is a mock charge. Keeping still and quiet should convey that you are harmless. While mock charge that includes lots of trumpeting and noise can be terrifying, the real charge usually comes silently.  Be responsible. Be aware. 

Show and Tell

We want to hear about your elephant adventures and so do other travelers!
Send us your stories and photos and we will publish them as possible.  

Updated 12-19-2015